ARC teaches around 12 million Americans these skills annually, ranging from youth to professional rescuers.
Leukocytes in stored blood products can have a variety of biological effects, including depression of immune function, which can result in organ failure and death.
Because whole blood is rarely used for transfusion and not kept in routine inventory, leukoreduced red blood supplies are critical.
From 1976 through 1985, the FDA received reports of 355 fatalities associated with transfusion, 99 of which were excluded from further review because they were unrelated to transfusion or involved hepatitis or acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
While the FDA has not yet made a leukoreduction a requirement, ARC took a leading role in implementing this procedure with a goal of leukoreducing all blood products. Each year, the Red Cross invests more than $25 million in research activities at the Holland Laboratory and in the field.
New leader Mabel Thorp Boardman constantly consulted with senior government officials, military officers, social workers and financiers. They imposed an ethos of "managerialism", transforming the agency from Barton's cult of personality to an "organizational humanitarianism" ready for expansion.
ARC is a nationwide network of more than 650 chapters and 36 blood service regions.
At the end of January 2005, ARC ended its Tissue Services program in order to focus on its primary missions of Disaster Relief and Blood Services.
A leader in the plasma industry, ARC provides more than one quarter of the nation's plasma products.
Over 2,209 people died and thousands more were injured in or near Johnstown, Pennsylvania in one of the worst disasters in United States history.
Barton was unable to build up a staff she trusted and her fundraising was lackluster. Professional social work experts took control and made the group a model of Progressive Era scientific reform.
The NAT tests for HIV and HCV have been licensed by the U. Leukocytes (white blood cells) help fight off foreign substances such as bacteria, viruses and abnormal cells.